|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
Note 3 — Revenue
The Company has two contracts with customers: a collaboration and license agreement with GSK (the “GSK Collaboration and License Agreement”) and a collaboration agreement with Astellas Pharma Inc. (the “Astellas Collaboration Agreement”) through its wholly-owned subsidiary, Universal Cells, Inc. (“Astellas”).
Development revenue from contracts with customers in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 comprises the following (in thousands):
Deferred revenue increased by $47.7 million from $2.1 million at January 1, 2020 to $49.8 million at September 30, 2020. The movement is largely due to the upfront payment of $50.0 million received under the Astellas Collaboration Agreement in January 2020 offset by revenue recognized under our collaboration agreements in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.
As of December 31, 2019, there was deferred revenue of $2.1 million associated with the third target under the GSK Collaboration Agreement, of which $0.4 million and $1.5 million was recognized as revenue in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 respectively.
The Astellas Collaboration Agreement
On January 13, 2020, the Company entered into the Astellas Collaboration Agreement. The Company received $50.0 million as a non-refundable upfront payment in January 2020 after entering into the agreement. Under the agreement the parties will agree on up to three targets and will co-develop T-cell therapies directed to those targets pursuant to an agreed research plan. For each target, Astellas will fund co-development up until completion of a Phase 1 trial for products directed to such target.
Upon successful completion of the Phase 1 trial for a product, Astellas and Adaptimmune will elect whether to progress with co-development and co-commercialization of such product, or to allow the other party to pursue the candidate independently. If the parties progress with co-development and co-commercialization of a product, then each party will grant the other party a co-exclusive license to co-develop and co-commercialize such product in the field of T-cell therapy. If a product is developed solely by one party, then the other party will grant to the continuing party an exclusive license to develop and commercialize such product in the field of T-cell therapy.
In the three months ended June 30, 2020, the parties nominated the target for the first collaboration program and the Company commenced development of this target under the agreement and began recognizing revenue for this performance obligation.
In addition, Astellas was also granted the right to develop, independently of Adaptimmune, allogeneic T-cell therapy candidates directed to two targets selected by Astellas. Astellas will have sole rights to develop and commercialize products resulting from these two targets.
Under the terms of the agreement, Adaptimmune could be entitled to receive up to $847.5 million in further payments, including:
In addition, Adaptimmune is entitled to receive research funding of up to $7.5 million per year on a per collaboration target basis, which is payable on a quarterly basis within standard payment terms, and tiered royalties on net sales in the mid-single to mid-teen digits.
In consideration for rights under certain contributed Astellas technology for a product unilaterally developed by Adaptimmune, Astellas could be eligible to receive up to $552.5 million, including up to $147.5 million in milestone payments per product, and up to $110.0 million in sales milestones for products developed unilaterally by Adaptimmune. In addition, Astellas is entitled to receive tiered royalties on net sales in the mid-single to mid-teen digits.
To the extent that Astellas and Adaptimmune co-develop and co-commercialize any product, the parties would share equally all worldwide costs and profits.
Either party can terminate the agreement in the event of material breach or insolvency of the other party. Astellas can terminate the Agreement for convenience in its entirety or partly in relation to any targets and products directed to such targets. Adaptimmune can terminate the Agreement for convenience in relation to any target it is unilaterally developing and to products directed to such target.
The Company has assessed the agreement under the provisions of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers and ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements. The Company determined that Astellas is a customer and has applied the provisions of ASC 606 to the contract and related performance obligations. The Company identified the following performance obligations under the agreement: (i) research services and rights granted under the co-exclusive license for each of the three co-development targets and (ii) the rights granted for each of the two independent Astellas targets.
The aggregate transaction price at inception of the agreement was the $50.0 million upfront payment. Future development milestones are not considered probable as of September 30, 2020 and have not been included in the transaction price. Reimbursement of the research funding over the co-development period (up until completion of a Phase 1 trial for products directed to such target) is variable consideration and included in the transaction price as of September 30, 2020 to the extent that a significant reversal of revenue is not probable. The Company may also receive sales milestones upon the achievement of specified levels of annual net sales by Astellas under an independent Astellas program. These amounts have not been included within the transaction price as of September 30, 2020 because they are sales-based and would be recognized when the subsequent sales occur.
The aggregate transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations depending on the relative standalone selling price of the performance obligations. In determining the best estimate of the standalone selling price, the Company considered internal pricing objectives it used in negotiating the contract, together with internal data regarding the cost and margin of providing research services and adjusted-market data from comparable arrangements. The variable consideration is allocated to the performance obligation to which it relates.
The amount of the transaction price allocated to the performance obligation is recognized as or when the Company satisfies the performance obligation. The Company expects to satisfy the performance obligations relating to the three co-development targets as development progresses and recognizes revenue based on an estimate of the percentage of completion of the project determined based on the costs incurred on the project as a percentage of the total expected costs. The Company considers that this depicts the progress of the project, where the significant inputs would be internal project resources and third-party costs. The determination of the percentage of completion requires the Company to estimate the costs-to-complete the project. The Company makes a detailed estimate of the costs-to-complete, which is re-assessed every reporting period based on the latest project plan and discussions with project teams. If a change in facts or circumstances occurs, the estimate will be adjusted and the revenue will be recognized based on the revised estimate. The difference between the cumulative revenue recognized based on the previous estimate and the revenue recognized based on the revised estimate would be recognized as an adjustment to revenue in the period in which the change in estimate occurs. The revenue allocated to the research services will be recognized as development of products directed to the target progresses up until completion of a Phase 1 trial.
The Company has determined that the performance obligations relating to the two independent Astellas targets would be recognized at a point-in-time, upon commencement of the licenses in the event of nomination of the target, since they are right-to-use licenses.
The amount of the transaction price that is allocated to performance obligations that are unsatisfied or partially satisfied under the agreement as of September 30, 2020 was $62.9 million, of which $14.3 million is allocated to thegranted for each of the two independent Astellas targets, $6.9 million is allocated to research services and rights under the co-exclusive license for each of the second and co-development targets, and $20.5 million is allocated to research services and rights granted under the co-exclusive license for the first co-development target.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef